Author Archives: oliverbio8

Featured Product – Nitrate Klear

What Is Nitrate Klear?

This weeks featured product is Nitrate Klear.
Nitrate Klear is a natural & safe nitrate removal treatment designed for ponds and aquariums. High nitrate levels can be very dangerous to fish and can lead to death. By reducing the nitrate levels in your pond or aquarium you will reduce the risk of fish death, reduce the risk of blanket weed.

How Does Nitrate Klear Work?

Nitrate Klear uses nitrifying bacteria that have been chosen specifically to reduce the harmful levels of nitrates founds in ponds and aquariums. The bacteria are most effective in water temperatures above 8°C and we recommend using a nitrate test kit to monitor the nitrates to a safe level.
Continued treatment with Nitrate Klear will keep levels safe and reduce the risk of any infections occurring in fish.

Don’t Just Take Our Word for It…

Amazon Customer – Great weapon in the war on green algae.

Northern Girl – My pond looks amazing after 1 use!

Kevin McKinley – I have used this product before and it works very well. The Nitrate levels are back to good, the fish are feeding well again and I am happy.


What Should Nitrate Levels Be in A Pond?

Nitrate levels should be kept between 20ppm and 60ppm. Anything above this can cause irreversible damage to your fish, including their liver, spleen, nervous system and kidneys.

Nitrate levels are easy to neutralise and can be done so within hours, using Nitrate Klear.

What Is Nitrate in A Pond?

Nitrate is a by-product of the bacterial reduction of ammonia. Ammonia is released into your pond via fish waste, this is then converted into Nitrites by good bacteria and the final product is Nitrates.

Nitrates can be fatal to your fish if they are not kept in check. Providing your water parameters are stable and have been treated with Pond Equaliser, you should never have to worry about Nitrates but it is good practice to regularly test for them and if they are high, treat with Nitrate Klear to reduce them back to a normal level.

How to Reduce Nitrate in A Pond?

In addition to using Nitrate Klear there are a couple of things that you could do to try and reduce Nitrate levels in your pond. It may be necessary to do a 1/3 water change using tap water, if you do this, be sure to check your other levels as tap water contains heavy metals that such as copper that you don’t want in your pond. Increase the aeration of your pond when doing a water change.

However, the most likely cause for a spike in Nitrate levels is due to a lack of, or underdeveloped aerobic bacteria in your pond. Nitrate Klear will boost these bacteria levels to help digest the Nitrates

Effects of Nitrates in Water?

High Nitrate, Nitrite or Ammonia levels in your pond can lead to fatal consequences to your fish. Brown Blood Disease is the most common problem linked to high Nitrate levels. The Nitrates combine with the Haemoglobin, (the protein molecule in red blood cells that transports oxygen) and make the red blood cells incapable of transporting oxygen. This then starves the fish of oxygen, you may see them gasping for air at the surface of the water.

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How To Clean Boxing Gloves

Boxing gloves can be an expensive piece of sports equipment when being used for a hobby and with some fetching over £300, if gloves are not maintained properly they can quickly deteriorate and will lead to you needing to spend more money. However, with very minimal effort you can maintain your boxing gloves appearance and prolong their lifespan.

In this article we are going to discuss the various methods for cleaning and preserving your boxing gloves to ensure you are not ‘that guy’ who’s gloves could clear the gym with their smell.

Why Do Boxing Gloves Smell?

Before we give you the best methods for cleaning your gloves, it is important to understand why they need cleaning and why they might smell.

Sweat!

Boxing is a very high intensity, fast paced, physical sport that will result in high levels of sweat being produced. It is not the sweat itself that smells but the protein, salts and lipids found in sweat being broken down by bacteria. When the bacteria breakdown the sweat they produce a by-product that has a very distinctive smell, BO or body odour! Whilst body odour is not dangerous and does not cause any health problems, it can be very embarrassing for some people and can lower self esteem.

Fresh sweat is odourless, stale sweat is not. By taking preventative measures, your gloves can remain sweat free forevermore.

Anti-Bacterial Spray

There are a large number of anti-bacterial products on the market that are easy to use and will eliminate the bad bacteria that cause the bad smell. Simply spray your gloves after using to eliminate bacteria before it has chance to break sweat down.
However, by using an anti-bacterial cleaner on your gloves, you will only be killing the bacteria that is currently there, not protecting them from new bacteria.

Freezer Method

One method that is mentioned a lot online is the freezer method. Depending on the strain of bacteria in your gloves, they are usually only active above temperatures of 5°C, a couple of degrees below this they will enter a state of dormancy and a couple of degrees lower again will result in the bacteria being killed. By putting your gloves in a plastic bag and then putting them in the freezer overnight, the cold temperature will kill the bad bacteria in your gloves before they can produce any bad smells.
However, depending on the material of your boxing gloves, this can be very detrimental to the gloves. The cold temperatures can cause leather and plastic to crack overtime. These cracks then provide the perfect home for bacteria to live in, not to mention they ruin the appearance of your gloves!

Saltwater Method

The saltwater method is another well-known way to clean things and kill bacteria. The saltwater acts as a saline solution to kill any bacteria in your gloves.
However as with the freezer method, this method can cause more damage as you will have submerged your gloves in water for a few hours. Non- only can this result in the cracking of materials, but if not dried properly, this method will have simply made the problem worse.

Activated Charcoal & Cedar Chips

There are products available on the market containing either activated charcoal or cedar chips that are designed to deodorise boxing gloves. The idea behind these products is to absorb any moisture from the gloves so that there is nothing for the bacteria to feed on. These products can work on new gloves when and on gloves that only have a small amount of sweat after each use. However, they can only absorb so much sweat before they are full and once they are full, they will start to give off the stale sweat smell. These deodorising pouches can only be used on new gloves as they have no effect on stale sweat smells.

Probiotic Deodoriser

Envii Kit Fresh uses anaerobic bacteria and enzymes to eliminate the bad bacteria that breakdown sweat. By eliminating the bad bacteria, there is nothing to break down the sweat smell and it can simply be wiped away. Kit Fresh can be used on old or new gloves to prevent new smells or eliminate old. Give the gives a light misting inside and out after use and leave them to sit for 5-10 minutes to allow the bacteria to start working. After this time, gives the gloves a wipe to clean away any sweat. Finally, spray the gloves inside and leave the Kit Fresh to dry naturally.

Additional Tips

  • Allow your gloves to dry completely before putting them back in your kit bag. Avoid drying them in direct sunlight or near a radiator as this can cause them to crack.
  • Wear hands wraps to reduce the amount of sweat left on your gloves but be sure to wash hand wraps after every use.
  • Clean them as soon as possible. Keep some wipes and some Kit Fresh in your gym bag so that you can prevent smells straight away.
  • Never put your gloves in the washing machine or tumble dryer as this will destroy them.

Featured Product – Septic Klear

What Is Septic Klear?

This weeks featured product is Septic Klear.
Septic Klear septic tank tablets are a unique mixture of fast-acting, task-specific bacteria with added nutrients for septic tank treatment and cleaning. Septic Klear is an effective, efficient way of maintaining a septic tanks performance whilst reducing the need to have your septic tank emptied. When used correctly and regularly, Septic Klear can eliminate the need to ever have your septic tank emptied again.

How Does Septic Klear Work?

Each Septic Klear tablet contains 75 billion task-specific bacteria that have been chosen specifically to digest and break down the organic matter that builds up in septic tanks between pump outs. Once the tablet has been flushed down the toilet, the bacteria come out of their “dormant” phase and begin to break down any organic matter in the septic tank. Once the bacteria have broken down the matter, the enzymes found in the tablets digest it completely to lower the amount of solids in your tank. If used regularly, Septic Klear will reduce smells coming from the septic tank, improve septic tank performance and reduce the need to have the septic tank emptied.

Don’t Just Take Our Word for It…

Alan West – Worked a treat within hours!!!

Linda B – These are very effective and easy to use

Janet – Bought these as the septic tank was being a bit whiffy from time to time. Haven’t detected any odours since using these and they are simple to use.

What Is a Septic Tank?

Septic tanks are part of a septic sewage system that is usually used in either isolated areas that are not connected to sewage lines or in areas that have soil that is suitable to absorb the drainage. Houses that have septic tanks tend to have them located at the bottom of the garden so that the waste drains away from the house. It is estimated that around 513,000 homes in the UK have Septic Tanks, that’s just over 2% of all UK homes. Read our blog on Septic Tanks for more information.

How Does a Septic Tank Work?

Usually located underground, a septic tank is a large plastic or concrete tank that is connected to your drainage system and collects the waste. When the waste enters the tank, it is held long enough for the solids to sink and to the bottom and form sludge, whilst the oils and grease float to the top to form scum. The wastewater that has now been separated from the solids and oils exits the tank into the drain field. One the water is in the drain field it percolates through the soil and rocks which act as a filter to remove any harmful bacteria, nutrients or viruses.

Why Is My Septic Tank Backing Up?

There are a few reasons why your septic tank could be backing up. Check your drain field, if the grass around there looks soaked or boggy, it could be a sign that your drain field is too shallow and is being overloaded. If this is dry, it could be that your septic tank is full and needs emptying, this can be costly. Use Septic Klear as a tank treatment throughout the year, this will keep the aerobic bacteria levels high and enable them to digest the organic matter found in the tank which will reduce the amount your tank needs emptying.

Cost of Emptying a Septic Tank?

It is recommended that your septic tank is emptied every twelve months. However, with the use of Septic Klear you can extend this much further, as it helps to digest the organic matter and reduce the level in your tank. If you do need to empty your septic tank it usually costs around £100-£200 depending on your area and the size of your tank.

Why Does My Septic Tank Smell?

Smells coming back up from your septic tank can not only be a nuisance but sometimes dangerous. The anaerobic digestion process that takes place in your tank creates methane, hydrogen sulfide and other gases, this is what you can smell. Septic tanks should be well ventilated so if you can smell your septic tank inside your home, it could be a sign that something is wrong. The most common cause for these smells is the lack of bacteria. If you use bleach, toilet blocks or cleaners in your toilet they kill off the good bacteria in your septic tank which leads to the organic waste building up and increasing smells. Using Septic Klear will increase the number of bacteria inside your tank and reduce the amount of organic waste which in turn will reduce the smells. If your tank continues to smell it may be because it needs emptying.

Featured Product – Sludge Klear

What Is Sludge Klear?

This weeks featured product is Sludge Klear.
Sludge Klear is biological pond water treatment that targets the build-up of sludge found at the bottom of ponds.
As well as being used directly in the water to target sludge, Sludge Klear can be used as a biological filter starter for ponds by helping create the perfect biological balance in your filter.

How Does Sludge Klear Work?

Each Sludge Klear tablet is packed with over 100 billion task-specific, beneficial bacteria that have been specifically chosen to target sludge. The bacteria break down the sludge that sticks to your pond, digesting and loosening it to enable the filter to catch it. Once this has been caught in the filter, it can physically be washed away using a hosepipe.
Sludge Klear contains patented, low temperature bacteria that is capable of working down to 4°C  and can be used all year round. This allows for treatment in winter to reduce the amount of sludge and the effect of green water in spring.

Sludge Klear can be used to solve sludge problems or as a regular treatment for protection and because it is safe for fish, it’s perfect for use in garden ponds, Koi ponds and natural ponds.

Don’t Just Take Our Word for It…

Alex Whittle – Simple to use and very effective treatment.

Lorraine Pratt – We discovered a neglected pond in our garden, overgrown and filled with sludge and…… It is now clear thanks to our hard work and your product.

Dlh – Absolutely great cleared our pond. Best thing we have tried AND we have tried lots

What Is Pond Sludge?

Pond sludge is the thick brown layer of muck and grime found at the bottom of your pond. This grime gives off the smell of rotten eggs or hydrogen sulphide when disturbed. It is formed from a build-up of sediment that sink to the bottom of the pond and begin to rot. This build-up can be made up of things like excess fish food, fish waste & debris such as leaves and twigs. For the most part, pond sludge is impenetrable to oxygen and as a result this sludge will begin smothering the good, aerobic bacteria and algae whilst producing bad, anaerobic bacteria.

Do Pond Sludge Removers Work?

There is regular debate around whether sludge removers work. This depends on the type of sludge remover in question. If you are looking at chemical sludge removers then yes, they may work, but your pond has millions of living organisms in there; whilst the chemicals might not be strong enough to harm your fish, they will certainly be harming the good bacteria and algae that your pond needs.

On the other hand, natural, bacterial pond sludge removers are completely safe for all living organisms found in your pond and produce safer, better results than chemicals. Bacterial sludge removers penetrate the sludge and break down the anaerobic bacteria which allows the sludge to pass through to your filters. Please be prepared to have to clean your filters every couple of days!

What Eats Pond Sludge?

Add some bottom feeding fish to your pond! You could try adding a couple of Tench or a few Gudgeon as these are both bottom feeders, but they don’t feed on the sludge itself. They might disturb the sludge when looking for food but they won’t intentionally eat the sludge.

The best thing for eating pond sludge is bacteria and enzymes. The bacteria found in Sludge Klear is designed to break down the sludge at the bottom of your pond and enable it to pass through your filter.

You could always attack it from both angles by introducing bottom feeding fish and bacteria. The fish will disturb the sludge, making it easier for the enzymes and bacteria to digest.

Is Pond Sludge Good for The Garden?

We have been asked on a couple of occasions if the sludge found at the bottom of your pond can be used as a compost in your garden. Short answer, yes it can. The sludge in your pond has absorbed many of the excess, useful nutrients in your pond and can be used to pass these on to your garden plants.

Ideally there shouldn’t be a thick enough layer of sludge in your pond to need to use it in the garden, so keep your sludge down with Sludge Klear.

If you only have a thin layer of sludge we would advise you to just use Sludge Klear and keep the layer thin. If your layer of sludge is thick, remove some by hand and place it in your compost bin. After removing some of the sludge by hand, we recommend using Sludge Klear to digest any of the remaining sludge and improve the condition of your pond. Be careful when removing the sludge if you have a pond liner as they can be very costly to replace or repair if you rip them.

Featured Product – Pond Klear

What Is Pond Klear?

This weeks featured product is Pond Klear.
Pond Klear is a biological, bacterial pond algae treatment product that is 100% safe for all fish, wildlife, pets and humans. Pond klear clears pond water, removes green algae and restores the biological balance back into a pond.

How Does Pond Klear Work?

By using beneficial bacteria, Pond Klear naturally breaks down the microscopic algae particles that cause green water. These particles are then clumped together, get pushed into the water column and get sucked through the pump and into the filter box, allowing you to physically wash away the algae from the filters.
Continued, frequent treatment will keep pond water clear all year and provide a healthy environment for fish and wildlife to live in.
Pond’s that have a pump and filtration system should expect to see results within two weeks whereas pond without will see results between 4-6 weeks.

Don’t Just Take Our Word for It…

Alan Epsom – I am very pleased with this I did notice a difference the following day thank you

Mrs H. – Only recently added to the pond but seems to be working ok

Johnny – Excellent product which cleared my pond within one day. I would certainly recommend Envil Pond Klear!!!

How to Keep Pond Water Clear?

To keep your pond water clear, you need to help it from day one. Dirty pond water can be caused by several things, from pond sludge, to pond algae, if these are not kept on top of, it is easy for your ponds water clarity to quickly deteriorate.

If you have a new pond, we recommend testing your water with a test kit and then if needed, an application of Pond Equaliser to balance your water parameters. When your water parameters are where they should be, treat your pond with Pond Klear and Sludge Klear to introduce the beneficial aerobic bacteria you need.

Providing you keep on top with your bacterial treatments, remove any debris from your pond, don’t overfeed your fish or overstock your pond with too many fish and ensure you filters are kept as clean as possible then your pond should be crystal clear throughout the year.

What Causes Pond Algae?

Unfortunately, pond algae or green water needs very little to thrive in your pond. Sun, nutrients and the lack of movement in the water provide the perfect growing conditions for algae. These algae are small single cell algae that multiple quickly and soon give your pond that “pea soup” look.

The algae that causes green water is almost microscopic and as a result can’t be filtered out of your pond.

When to Treat Pond Algae?

Most people believe pond algae begins growing in the summer as this is the time it becomes obviously present in your pond. However, the growth of the algae actually starts in spring. Fish start to become more active and start producing more waste as the temperature picks up. Although the sun is not very hot, the daylight hours have increased and are providing the algae with the perfect growing conditions.

Ideally you should be treating your pond throughout the year the keep algae at bay, but if you have missed the winter, make sure you start treating or preventing algae in Spring.

Can Pond Algae Kill Fish?

Although green water can look dangerous it is unlikely to harm your fish. Green water is caused by very small, single cell algae that multiply and eventually cause a green tint to your water. Unlike blanket weed that is very dense, the algae cells that cause green water are so small that they can pass through your finest filter. As they are so small they pose very little threat to your fish with regards to trapping them and don’t pose any health problems to your fish.

Whilst the algae cells may not be dangerous to your fish, the fact that you have green water suggests you have an imbalance in your pond which can be very dangerous to your fish. Use Pond Equaliser to stabilise your water parameters and then treat your green water with Pond Klear or Pond Klear Xtra depending on the size and condition of your pond.

 

 

 

 

The Do’s & Don’ts For Ponds

Pond keeping can be a mind field when it comes to knowing what you can and can’t do to achieve algae free, crystal clear water. One ‘expert’ will tell you to do this, another ‘expert’ will tell you to do that and suddenly it all becomes a very confusing, tangled web of conflicting information.

We are not claiming to be experts but we do know a lot about bacteria and how it thrives in ponds. Therefore, we have compiled a list of do’s and don’ts to help you create the perfect water conditions in your pond, keep algae at bay and maintain a balanced eco system.

DO treat your pond with a bacterial product on a regular basis.
Beneficial, aerobic bacteria is the foundation to any ponds eco system, it keeps algae at bay by eliminating any excess nutrients in the pond, prevents sludge from becoming anaerobic and releasing toxic hydrogen sulphide into the pond and helps prevent fish illnesses.
Bacteria needs to be topped up regularly. As with any living organism, it only has a certain lifespan and once it has died, it needs replacing.

DO use a hosepipe to wash your filters.
This is a very conflicting point within the pond industry but at Envii we recommend using a hosepipe to wash filters. The chlorine that is found in tap water is only present as a trace element and the amount that is left behind on the filters is so small that it will have a very insignificant effect on the bacteria that is present in the pond.
By using pond water to wash your filters, you will remove a lot more of the bacteria that is present in the pond and then have to replace the pond water with tap water.

DO check your water parameters on a regular basis.
Although your water may look clear, it may not be the quality, healthy water that your fish need. Check your water parameters every couple of weeks to ensure your pH, KH, ammonia and other levels are where they should be. If you don’t know what your water parameters should be, have a read of our Water Parameters post. Water parameters can change rapidly and can have severe consequences on your fish.
If you find that your water parameters are not where they should be, use Pond Equaliser to instantly stabilise them and create the perfect water conditions for your fish.

DO ask for technical advice.
Nobody wants to buy a product that they think is going to solve their problem, only to find out that they have purchased the wrong product or not used it correctly. We provide expert advice not only for our products, but for any other pond query either by email or phone. So, take advantage of us and give us a call!

DO treat your pond with a bacterial product all year.
We hear from more and more people every week who had a crystal-clear pond in winter that suddenly went green in spring. Algae won’t grow below 8°C which is why ponds look good during winter. However, bacteria also die when it gets below a certain temperature and with a lack of algae to feed on, come spring their numbers have decreased drastically. The depleted number of bacteria, coupled with the rise in temperature in spring quickly results in an algae bloom that will turn your water green.
Treat your pond with Winter Pond Treatment during the colder months to keep bacteria present in the pond and prevent an algae bloom in spring.

DO keep your pumps and filters running all year.
A lot of pond owners decide that once the temperature drops, the pumps should be turned off as the pond can no longer be enjoyed. However, by turning the pumps off, you will be creating problems that will not show themselves until spring. During winter, a lot of debris falls in to ponds and starts to break down. If this debris is not cleared out, it releases excess nutrients into the water that algae will feed on when spring arrives.
Keep your pump and filter running to remove any of this debris and keep the water moving.

DON’T empty your pond and start again.
One common misconception when a pond is struggling with algae or green water is to empty all the water out, clean the pond and refill it. However, this is possibly the worst thing to do in this situation. By removing all the water, you also remove any of the beneficial bacteria that was in the pond. When the pond is refilled it is filled with what is technically sterile water that contains chlorine, toxic heavy metals and little to no bacteria. Initially, the pond appears to be in a very good condition as the sterile water stays clear for a few weeks but then quickly turns green due to the lack of bacteria available to fight off any algae spores.
If for some reason you do have to empty your pond, introduce a bacterial product as soon as you have refilled to introduce bacteria into the pond straight away.

DON’T remove blanket weed whilst it is still alive
The most obvious thing to do when you see blanket weed appearing in your pond is to pull it out and throw it away. If you have ever done this, you will know that within days, the blanket weed reappears and you begin the cycle again.
If you remove blanket weed when it is still alive (green) the strands tear and release new spores back into the water.
Ensure that any blanket weed you remove has been killed first by using Blanketweed Klear. For more information on blanket weed, read our post on How to Get Rid of Blanket Weed.

DON’T change your filters
If your filters are getting dirty when using a bacterial product, it is because your pond is dirty. You should only clean the filters, not change them.
Bacteria anchor themselves on to the filters and digest any algae or sludge that gets caught. If you change the filters, you remove all the beneficial bacteria that has been added to the filters.
If you have to change your filters, be sure to apply a bacterial product directly to the new filters.

DON’T introduce plants without leaching out fertiliser
When buying plants to add into your ponds, the easiest place to buy them from is the local garden centre. However, these plants are grown in fertilisers that aim to speed up the growing process to allow the garden centres to sell them quicker. If these plants are added straight into the pond, the fertiliser leaches out and in to the pond, harming the beneficial bacteria.
Before adding plants to the pond, put them in a bucket of water for 7-10 days and change the water every day. This will leach out the fertiliser and they will then be safe to add to the pond. For more information on pond plants, read our post Should I Keep Aquatic Plants.

DON’T feed fish during winter
As the temperature starts to drop in autumn, you should consider changing over to a high protein food for your fish. When winter begins, stop feeding your fish all together. Fish don’t feed throughout winter, so the food that is thrown into the pond will break down and release nutrients into the pond to feed any algae spores when the temperatures rise.

DON’T allow your pond to freeze over completely during winter
You should avoid letting your pond freeze over during winter at all costs. If the pond does freeze over completely, it will create an air tight seal that will not allow any oxygen to enter the pond or any toxic gases to leave the pond. If this continues for an extended period, it may result in fish death. For more tips on caring for your pond in winter read our Preparing Pond for Winter post.

DON’T overstock the pond
It is very easy to overstock a pond, after all, who wants a clear pond and only two fish to look at. However, if a pond contains too many fish it can have a big effect on the water quality in the pond. Fish produce a lot of waste; this waste gives off ammonia which can in turn raise the pH in the pond and lead to illness or death among the fish.
As a rule of thumb it is recommended that a pond has 55cm of fish per 1,000 litres. The average fish size in UK ponds is around 6 inches so this would equate to 3-4 fish per 1,000  litres.

Do's & Don'ts Infographic

The New Way To Protect Your Plants From The Heat

Physical Plant Protection Is Past Its Prime

British weather is some of the most changeable in the world. While we don’t have a lot of ‘extreme’ weather, it’s nearly impossible to accurately predict, which can make life very difficult for gardeners.

That’s why we have so many physical methods of protecting our plants. Plant blankets for cover in the winter and greenhouse shading and water irrigation in the summer are a few of the most popular methods. But it’s always been hotly debated as to how well these methods really work.

This is why we have developed a range of products that can protect your plants from unpredictable weather more efficiently. We know that by bringing out certain qualities in plants, we can help them to help themselves by managing their natural reaction to stressful situations.

Here’s an example – When a plant is subject to high temperatures its natural reaction is to wilt and abort its flowers in a last ditch attempt to survive. This happens because the plant can’t get enough moisture from the soil in order to cope with the high temperatures.

This adds up to the risk of your plants dying when a sudden hot spell comes along.

However, by changing the plant’s natural reaction to heat stress you can save them from this fate. Envii Chill Out reprograms the plant’s natural reaction by redirecting a plant’s growth into its roots rather than growing upwards and suppresses the gene that makes a plant abort flowers and shoots. This means that when high temperatures come along, the plant has a much larger source of water and nutrients to survive on. Then, when the temperature drops to a normal level, the plant automatically returns to its normal growth and development.

The product was initially designed for glasshouses in the Middle East where temperatures soar to over 40°C. Then, having been extensively tested by the University of Nottingham, we decided to launch it to amateur and professional gardeners alike. This means that, without the need for complicated water irrigation systems, unreliable shading or constant tending to, gardeners can grow their plants without the risk of them dying from heat stress.

Click here for more information on Envii Chill Out.